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非洲萨赫勒地区西部在危机的边缘,研究人员警告

没有计划生育,女童教育,农业,证券投资,该地区的政治和经济制度可否折叠

雅各乳木果/ CNR | 2019年11月19日

照片:吉尔·菲利波维奇

在 Africa’s Western Sahel, an arid region on the southern border of the Sahara Desert, the population will more than double to 450 million by 2050. Meanwhile, temperatures are projected to climb three degrees Celsius above 1950 levels, as climate change brings on more unpredictable and extreme weather.

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该研究的主要作者通过传导 艾莉莎严重皇冠体育网站(平台)学生和学术协调员和皇冠体育伯克利分校的联合创始人 组织在萨赫勒计划提前解决方案 (绿洲) 劳伦斯粉红色,博士候选人在环境科学,政策与管理的部门, fadji麦纳,在A博士后研究员 劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室,随着尼日尔和布基纳法索两位研究者。绿洲的项目 比克斯比中心 在协作和对自然资源的大学皇冠体育网站(平台)。

年过八,小组跟踪人口和粮食安全趋势七年以穆斯林为主的国家和地区:乍得,毛里塔尼亚,马里,布基纳法索,尼日尔,塞内加尔和尼日利亚北部,集体在一篇名为萨赫勒研究区(SSR)简称。

“World leaders have a disappointing record when it comes to crises that take decades to unfold,” write the authors. For example, the paper points out how greater and earlier investment in HIV/AIDS prevention in the 1980s could have staved off millions of deaths—and saved billions of dollars—over the subsequent 20 years.


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“对自己的生活大多数女童和妇女很少尼日尔控制,”说严重。 “获得基本的教育,知识和避孕方法来塑造家庭大小是赋予妇女权力是必不可少的。”

OASIS leverages evidence-based, local leadership to address humanitarian challenges in the region. The initiative has trained more than 140 leaders in advocacy and program design, and since 2016, has offered practical field experience at local, national, and international agencies to over 40 graduate students.

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502 Bad Gateway

Such a significant boost in crops would go a long way for public health. 在 Niger, for example, stunted growth from malnutrition affects a full 44 percent of children under the age of five. By  improving nutrition, the region would experience lower rates of stunting, infant and child mortality and pregnancy-related deaths.

Today, write the researchers, only 4 percent of SSR cropland has irrigation infrastructure, and SSR farmers use only one-tenth the global average of fertilizer. With present day climate conditions, irrigation improvements alone could feed an additional 140 million people, without depleting groundwater or hurting freshwater ecosystems.

“随着时间的推移,适应气候变化和相互作用的人口增长会成为更难,”作者写道。 “现在就采取行动是必要的。”

这篇文章最初出现在 自然资源学院 网站。它-被编辑进一步解释严重艾丽莎“伯克利分校公共健康的作用。